Water is one of our most critical assets, as each living being depends on water to survive in some form or shape. It is a finite and irreplaceable resource that is fundamental to human well-being. It is considered of utmost importance to attain sustainability and is primarily significant for socio-economic development, healthy ecosystems, and for human survival itself. Water is additionally at the focus of the environmental change, serving as the vital connection between the atmosphere framework, human society, and environment.
Strain from the populace, financial development, environmental change, contamination, and different difficulties – it affects our social, monetary, and ecological prosperity. All these sectors are responsible for increasing stress on water resources usage. Water is vital for reducing the global burden of disease and improving the health, welfare, and productivity of populations. Many of our most important aquifers are being over-pumped, causing widespread declines in groundwater levels. By 2020, about 30-40 percent of the world will have water scarcity and the climate change in the future will make this even worse.
Underlying issues with Water Resources
The world's water issues stem from our inability to meet essential human needs and ineffectual administration of the resource. Of all the available waste-water, 90% is discharged into rivers, which fails to meet environmental norms. Around 65% of rainwater runoff goes into the sea, which is a major wastage. These maladies are rooted in a wasteful use of water, characterized by poor management systems and improper economic incentives.
According to the Ministry of Water Resources, India has 18% of the world's population, yet has just 4% of aggregate usable water assets. Official information demonstrates that in the previous decade, annual per capita accessibility of water has effectively diminished. Official data show that in the past decade, annual per capita availability of water has already decreased. Here are a few more facts to enunciate the upcoming water crisis: India's annual per capita availability of water decreased from 6,042 cubic meters in the year 1947 to 1,545 cubic meters in 2011. In 2001, India's annual per capita availability of water was 1,816 cubic meters, which reduced to 1,588 cubic meters in 2010. By 2025, India's annual per capita availability of water will further reduce to 1,340 cubic meters, and by 2050 to 1,140 cubic meters. In India, the agriculture sector is the biggest user of water, followed by the domestic and industrial sector.
Water Conservation – Need of the Hour
Water deficiency can represent an actual challenge to the sustainable advancement yet it has been overseen effectively and even-handedly. Adequate water can play a vital and empowering part to fortifying the flexibility of social, economic, and environmental systems in the light of fast and capricious changes. Water conservation means using less water or recycling used water so that it can be used again. The most important step in the direction of finding solutions to issues of water and environmental conservation is to change people's attitudes and habits, which includes each one of us. Conserve water because it is the most appropriate measure to cope with the issues.
Water protection, utilizing water proficiently, and avoiding wastage are vital to guarantee that we have sufficient water today and in the coming days. It is up to all of us to use the amount of water we have today wisely. Make the mission of conserving water a daily part of your life and remember when you save water, you save energy and money. For this, the Rajasthan government has decided to give top priority to Mukhya Mantri Jal Swavlamban Abhiyan.
Towards a sustainable future
3,529 villages across the state are selected for the first phase of the campaign. The nature of conservation work will be customised from a menu of 106 different kinds of work by taking stock of the usage of water like for drinking, irrigation, livestock and other commercial purposes. The first phase of the MJSA is estimated to cost Rs 3,568 crore and it will end on June 30. Out of the Rs 3,568 crore meant for MJSA, the government has pooled in Rs 2,400 crore, with a big gap of Rs 1,200 crore. Hence for the first time, Rajasthan government has adopted the method of crowd funding. The state police have contributed an amount of Rs 8 crore to the campaign. Raje also urged various establishments to adopt villages or water bodies in villages and urban areas for MJSA. This is of great importance on the grounds that water preservation helps save energy, protect wildlife, and keep individuals from utilizing so much water that it can't be supplanted with rain. The most important change we can make is in the way we think about, value, and manage water.